Mangroves are salt tolerant species of woody plants that grow in the intertidal zone of the Saudi Kingdom’s coasts. Mangrove forests are the most productive ecosystem in the marine environment and are essential habitats for juvenile fish and crustaceans. The grey mangrove (Avicennia marina) is one of the most resilient mangrove species and its most notable feature is the high tolerance to salinity and other adverse environmental conditions.
Mangrove landscaping and management is recommended as a way of preserving sufficient mangrove environments to minimize adverse impact on the marine communities, whilst allowing scenic development of the area to take place. Large-scale clearing of mangrove forests can permanently alter fish and invertebrate populations of the surrounding areas.
Replanting mangroves is widely done across the globe, usually as a means of increasing coastal protection or of regenerating mangrove areas that have been destroyed as a result of deforestation, land reclamation, pollution & manmade activities. Various sizes of Mangrove forest patches can be created in order to enhance the coastal vegetation and balance the ecosystem in the required project areas.